Dobre Kote foor good people

Kota in geography represents the height point,  in the war it  is defined as line of confrontation. Kota is also a place which is  abandoned an unused. Dobre kote represent public spaces that are niglected and can be transformed into play areas and alternative forms of gatherings, which lack in the city of Sarajevo.

Sarajevo due to lack of care and usage of public space is full of good kotas.

Dobre kote project aims to revive these places, integrating art into public space.  Dobre kote will “travel” in the city, where they will be integrated in the new location including art  (photography, paintings, poetry, prose, installations, sculptures, video art) in an abandoned space which will be partially renovated and revived by organizing joint working actions.

Artistic settings will be set or left within public space, since it is planned to monitor the relationship  of art works and public spaces to see the reaction of people to these instalations.  We plan to visit the good kota settings regularly, take pictures and record any changes ( we support the theft of art, as well as any response of citizens to instalations that will be set up). At the end of this process, the research will be turned into a scientific work and it will be available to the public.

The ultimate goal of the project is the integration of art into the daily lifes of citizens, with emhpasis on kids and young people that can use good kotas for non formal education . Our work will  transform previously unused public space. Future usage of this space  will be examined together with the residents in the part of the city in where kota is located. We plan while implementing this project to write petitions and appeals to local selfgovernance councils to ensure investments to repair for example ruined parks for kids.

Photo exhibition was organized on the first transformed Kota. The atmosphere during this Friday on Kota can be checked out on the videolink below.

Web platform Good Kote was created as part of the YouthLINC (Linking Innovators Who Network for Change), which is implemented by the Youth Initiative for Human Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina (YIHR BIH). This project is supported by the Network of Internews. Project YouthLINC Supports group of young people 18 to 24 years who come from six different countries in the Balkans (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia). Young people are enganged in creating a social platform online to promote public dialogue, to discover  similarities in different countries and to join forces in solving problems within their local communities and the region as well.

Youth Initiative for Human Rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina welcomed 40 young people from Afghanistan during their study visit in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This study visit  was organized with  the help of Counterpart International and USAID. For many of them this was first trip out side of their own country, and also for some of them this was an opportunity to leave the province they are coming from for the first time.

For Sayara Ashory volunteer in the youth network and  a member of group  of Afhgan Women’s Writing Project. ‘ I find this program very interesting. It is like a cultural exchange. Here we got a chance to do a comparative analysis  between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Afghanistan.  I like it here, because you can not tell apart just by looking at people’s faces who belongs to which group, eventhought this is a multireligious and multiethnic country. It is valuable experience since we got to talk about eduacation and politics with experts in these areas. Young people in my country are facing many challenges, but non the less they are very hard working and optimistic.  We do not have schools, education takes place in shelters. But despite this we keep on insisting on education because we are fully aware what it means for us and our future.’

Speaking about Afghanistan and Bosnia and Herzegovina from the international comunity point of view is the fact that both of these countries were used as a polygon for mayor international interventions. Unlike Afghanistan where  there are still basic challenges regarding securty and peace, eventhough billions have been invested so far in rebuilding this state. Bosnia and Herzegovina on the other hand is considered to be a good example due to the fact that conflict was resolved with peace agremeent, and Bosnia and Herzegovina is considered to be a safe country, said Emir Nukic Bosnian who lives in USA and works as a consultant for Counterpart International.

‘This program for young people is important because thos who have proved themselves worthy being called a lider in civil society organizations have the opportunity to exchange experiences wiht colleagues here in Bosnia and Herzegovia. This study visit enebled us to understand the relationship between cso’s and institutions as well as with the media in postconflict country. ‘The aim of this study visit is to expose them to the mistakes that have been maid here so they can be avoided in the future. Also this was an opportunity for young people to understand the mistakes that have been made by international comunity when it comes to  topics of transition and role of cso’s in peacebuilding, securty and democracry.’-said Nurkić.

There are similiraties, despite the many differences from which valuable learning lesssons can be thought. Acorrding to the information from Afghan Government, 65% of population are young people, which makes Afghanistan the youngest country in the world. However, the efforts of civil society organizations to lobby for the Youth ministry which would deal with with capacity building, identifying priorities and facilitating the return of young and educated in Afghanistan still has no visiable results. ‘ What fascinates me here are young faces I got to see in governments, municipalities and high ranked positions. This is something you can not see in Afghanistan.  Only bunch of all people with conservative ways of thinking. They do not need the change, their time hass passed and they belong to the past’- sadi Sayara.

Sandra Marie Phelps, director of youth and equality sector  at Counterpart in Kabul says that she could not think of better place for young Afghans to come and visit, other than Bosnia and Herzegovine, thanks to the great collaboration with Youth Initiative for Human Rights.

‘On basic level, this study visit is about self confidence building among these young people, exposure to new experiences and different views. Many of them have had no opportunity to travel outside Afghanistan, they have no vision what other realities look like. We provide them with skills and needs to think about their own community. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina is a post conflict country, it is much easier to relate with people from Bosnia and Herzegovina. There is a lot of work to be done through out dedicated and focused approach to young people, as YIHR BIH does with their youth.’- Phelps said.

Position of women in society is one of the similarities between these two countries.. Sayara says she lost an opportunity to get a job, because she was not allowed to travel outside of the province she comes from. She was told  it is due to security reasons. ‘We have couple of seats for women in the Parliament, number of gender oriented discrimination is decreasing, but the violence towards woman increases.  According to research from 2014. number of women who get educated is increasing, and number of woman  who go abroad for Masters or PHD studies is also increasing, but regardless of this there is still lack of women in leading positions in power and high ranked positions in government.’

One of international community failures when it comes to gender issues and equalities, is exclusion of men within this process. I consider the programs which are dealing with this topics rather shallow.’ says Sandra.

‘I believe that men, especially young men are extremely important when we speak about fighting against women oppression. There is a long way a head of us, but my approach means inclusion of both women and men in these programs. Sometimes separately and sometimes in joined groups. The fact that we are living in a country where most of the population is Muslim does not justify  mistreating and degradation of women, especially taking into consideration the fact that the Prophet Himself was advocating for women’s rights also. I believe that we need to take things slowly. I do not believe that one company can change much. It takes generations to see true changes’- said Sandra.

Program that is trying to give an answer to the question wherther those who are similar but different enough can join forces and create an opportunity for the third path, a different solution. For Sayara, three words that describe this experience are peace, unity and cooperation.’

‘We are in need of young new minds, new technologies so we could bring and see some positive changes around here. That is something I have learned here and with the help of God I am coming back to my country joyfull to share all of the thoughts about the trips and to tell about all of the places we have visited in lovely Bosnia and Herzegovina. I will speak about the organizations, networks and ways of keeping in touch upon our arrival, said Sayara.

“Govor mržnje je onaj govor koji je usmjeren na diskvalifikaciju, diskriminaciju, poticanje javnosti protiv nekoga ili nečega.”- Hanka Vajzović

U vremenu ubrzanog razvoja tehnologije mladim se omogućava da u svakom trenutku budu online i plasiraju informacije velikom broju ljudi, te je tako internet ubrzao način prenošenja govora mržnje u odnosu na druge medije. Govor mržnje je prisutan svuda oko nas, i podjednako je zastupljen u BiH, ali i okruženju. Da bi se utjecalo na problem, potrebno je evidentirati same uzroke.

Internet je postao najsigurnije i najmoćnije sredstvo širenja jezika mržnje, gdje se kroz društvene mreže dijele tekstovi, neprovjerene informacije, pokazuje mržnja prema drugom i drugačijem, bez suosjećanja.

Živimo u vremenu gdje fotografija, snimak, vijest, trač ili netačna informacija obiđe svijet za manje od jedne minute, a sve to može biti osnova i povod za govor mržnje. Smatra se da su pokretači govora mržnje ugavnom mladi ljudi, posebno generacije koje su rođene poslije rata, te da je zbog naglog povećanja elektronskih medija u Bosni i Hercegovini, ali i zemljama okruženja, povećana I zastupljenost govora mržnje u javnosti.

Aktivnost mladih

Neophodno je informisati mlade ljude o utjecaju i posljedicama govora mržnje, a jedan od pozitivnih primjera nude nam mladi iz Centra za omladinski razvoj – PRONI, koji su u saradnji sa Ministarstvom civilnih poslova BiH i Komisijom za koordinaciju pitanja mladih u BiH, organizovali konferenciju ”Borba protiv govora mržnje na internetu”.

Svoje prijedloge za rješenje ovog problema iznijeli su aktivisti ispred svojih organizacija, gdje su zaključili da je kroz edukaciju potrebno utjecati na mrežu ljudi koji su im bliski, pa tek onda na široke mase. Također, potrebno je i kroz zakonski okvir djelovati na problem.

Mehanizmi djelovanja

Vijeće za štampu u Bosni i Hercegovini je, u toku predizborne kampanje za Opće izbore 2014. godine, realiziralo kampanju „Stop! Govor mržnje“. Cilj je bilo reagiranje protiv govora mržnje, diskriminatorske i huškačke retorike u komentarima anonimnih posjetilaca online portala, kao i edukacija posjetilaca web portala da govor mržnje i huškačka retorika nisu sloboda govora, te da podliježu krivičnoj odgovornosti, u skladu sa krivičnim zakonima u BiH.

Iz Njemačke imamo primjer gdje su se Facebook, Google i Twitter dogovorili da izbrišu govor mržnje sa svojih stranica, i to u roku od 24 sata, što predstavlja novi korak u borbi protiv rastućeg rasizma na internetu.

Dakle, potrebno je djelovati kroz sve postojeće mehanizme, i utjecati na jačanje zakonske regulative i samoregulacije medija, a pri tome dodati i samu edukaciju mladih, jer kako kaže Zlatko Horvat, sekretar Ministarstva civilnih poslova BiH: „Mladi u BiH zaslužuju ambijent kakav imaju mladi u razvijenim zemljama EU.”

Medina Rizvanović/